Archivio gennaio 2010

Le organizzazioni chiedono una maggiore Open Innovation per favorire la sostenibilità: GreenXchange

Fonte: www.wallstreetitalia.com

Le organizzazioni chiedono una maggiore Open Innovation per favorire la sostenibilità: GreenXchange ha il supporto di Best Buy, Creative Commons, IDEO, Mountain Equipment Co-op, Nike, nGenera, Outdoor Industry Association, salesforce.com, 2degrees e Yahoo! Oggi 10 importanti organizzazioni hanno annunciato il lancio del GreenXchange (GX), un mercato su base web concepito per condividere la proprietà intellettuale che può condurre a nuovi modelli aziendali di sostenibilità e innovazione. Annunciato ad un incontro di CEO al World Economic Forum di Davos, Svizzera, le organizzazioni hanno invitato altre società ad unirsi a loro in questo impegno di aprire la loro PI per un più veloce sviluppo di soluzioni innovative per risolvere le sfide della sostenibilità. Continua a leggere…

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Innovazione ed energie rinnovabili: il Fondo di Garanzia per le PMI come leva per intercettare gli investimenti

Fonti: Ministero Sviluppo Economico, RIDITT

Per sostenere la ripresa economica agendo sull’innovazione e sulle energie rinnovabili, il Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico ha messo a punto una nuova iniezione di risorse  per le piccole e medie imprese, soprattutto del Mezzogiorno, utilizzando i fondi europei e versando altri 250 milioni di euro sul Fondo di Garanzia.

In tal modo nel 2010 le risorse stanziate dal Ministero per il Fondo di garanzia per le piccole e medie imprese ammonteranno a 740 milioni € per arrivare, nel 2012, ad oltre 1.800 milioni €. Secondo i tecnici del Ministero, con le risorse aggiuntive appena erogate ed applicando il moltiplicatore previsto, pari a 15, nel 2010 le imprese minori potranno attivare quasi 4 miliardi di € di investimenti garantiti in Italia. Considerando l’intero asset delle risorse stanziate per il 2010, si raggiungeranno in dodici mesi circa 11 miliardi € di nuovi finanziamenti che, entro il 2012, potranno attestarsi a circa 30 miliardi di €.
Dopo l’estensione al settore delle imprese artigiane, l’aggiunta di una sezione speciale per i trasporti e le modifiche ai criteri del Fondo di Garanzia che hanno snellito le procedure di accesso al credito, oggi lo stesso Fondo diventa anche una leva per intercettare gli investimenti per la ricerca, l’innovazione e le energie rinnovabili. L’Italia è così tra i primi paesi al mondo a recepire gli ultimi indirizzi ambientali discussi a Copenhagen.

L’ampliamento del serbatoio si accompagna, inoltre, all’inserimento di un criterio che è teso a favorire le reti di impresa e le grandi aggregazioni economiche e di mercato, affinché società, piccole e medie, si uniscano per crescere insieme. Quello che il Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico sta sostenendo è un in pratica un grande programma di alleanze, anche con il rilascio della garanzia di Stato, affinché il nostro sistema delle piccole e medie imprese abbia sempre maggiori possibilità e opportunità per conquistare i mercati europeo e mondiale.

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Computer-related inventions lead in patent activity according to Thomson Reuters 2009 Innovation Report

Fonte: www.thomsonreuters.com

Global Intellectual Property Analysis Finds Most Prolific Patenting in Computers & Peripherals, Semiconductors, Telecommunications, Automotive and Pharmaceutical Industries

EAGAN, Minn, USA, Jan. 7, 2010 – Innovation activity amidst the Great Recession of 2009 was robust across major industries and technology areas, according to an analysis of world patent activity published by the IP Solutions business of Thomson Reuters.

The new study, 2009 Innovation Report: Twelve Key Industries and Their States of Innovation, tracks unique inventions in granted patents and published applications within aerospace, agrochemicals & agriculture, automotive, computers & peripherals, cosmetics, domestic appliances, food, tobacco & fermentation, medical devices, petroleum & chemical engineering, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, and telecommunications.

Key findings include:

  • Computers & Peripherals lead with 226,293 inventions in ’09: With more than double the number of patents filed in any of the other technology areas studied, the Computers & Peripherals industry saw a great deal of innovation coming from computer manufacturers, peripherals makers and smart media developers.
  • Mobile phones continue to drive new innovation: Within the broad telecommunication technology area, mobile telephony is the leader in new patent activity, with 44,714 records in this category in 2009.
  • Alternative power heats up auto industry: Alternative power has become the biggest source of patent activity in the automotive industry, surpassing perennial leaders such as engine design, braking systems and safety in 2009.

The data in this report was compiled using the Thomson Reuters Derwent World Patents Index (DWPI) database.   Patent activity is used as a benchmark for innovation. The research aggregates granted patents and published applications (examined and unexamined) from Jan. 1 through Dec. 11, 2009.

To view the full report, 2009 Innovation Report: Twelve Key Industries and Their States of Innovation, and see additional methodology details, go to http://ip.thomsonreuters.com/info/InnovRep/index.html.

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Nasce a Catania la più grande fabbrica di pannelli fotovoltaici d’Italia

Fonte: http://www.ingegneri.info

Enel Green Power, Sharp e STMicroelectronics hanno firmato  un accordo finalizzato alla realizzazione della più grande fabbrica di pannelli fotovoltaici in Italia. L’impianto sarà costruito a Catania e produrrà pannelli a film sottile a tripla giunzione. Contemporaneamente, la società di Enel per le rinnovabili e l’azienda giapponese hanno siglato un’ulteriore intesa per lo sviluppo congiunto di campi fotovoltaici. Continua a leggere…

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Cheaper, Stronger Lithium-Ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles

Fonte: www.technologyreview.com

A British company is testing new chemistry that could boost the performance of batteries.

By Duncan Graham-Rowe

A British defense technology company, Qinetiq, is testing a new type of lithium-ion battery for hybrids and electric vehicles that could be substantially cheaper and more powerful than existing batteries.

Packing power: The new battery pack, designed for a prototype hybrid diesel vehicle, is made with a novel lithium-ion chemistry that could boost the battery’s performance while bringing down the cost. Credit: Qinetiq

Packing power: The new battery pack, designed for a prototype hybrid diesel vehicle, is made with a novel lithium-ion chemistry that could boost the battery’s performance while bringing down the cost. Credit: Qinetiq

The battery is based on lithium-ion iron-sulfide chemistry, which has a number of advantages over the chemistry of existing batteries, says Gary Mepsted, technical manager for Qinetiq’s power sources group. The new battery would cost half as much as existing vehicle batteries and could last longer and recharge more quickly that other lithium batteries. Mepsted says that compared to standard lithium-ion batteries, the new battery has demonstrated about 1.6 times the energy density (which would extend a plug-in electric’s range) and a 50 percent higher power density (which would let hybrids charge and discharge more rapidly).

Researchers have long viewed lithium-ion batteries as an attractive alternative to the expensive metal-based batteries now used in hybrids. But although standard lithium-ion batteries are relatively cheap and can store about twice as much energy as standard nickel metal hydride cells, developers have had to overcome a number of technological challenges to make them practical for vehicles.

Plug-in electric vehicles need batteries with higher energy densities to extend their range between charges, says Mepsted. And for hybrids, the power density of standard lithium-ion batteries is less than ideal for coping with the rapid charging and discharging that comes with the regenerative braking systems used in hybrids. Continua a leggere…

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Microscopic Solar Cells Could See More Sunlight

Fonte: www.technologyreview.com

The new cells promise to be cheaper, more efficient, and even printable.

By Katherine Bourzac

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have shrunk silicon solar cells down to the micro scale, opening new possibilities for improved efficiency.

Scaling silicon: These scaled-down, hexagonal silicon solar cells range from 0.25 to one millimeter across. The lines visible on some of them are metal electrical contacts. Credit: Murat Okandan

Multi-crystalline silicon, currently the gold standard for solar-cell efficiency, is expensive and produces cells that are heavy and brittle. Sandia’s microscopic silicon solar cells use 100 times less material while operating with the same efficiency.

In addition to lower materials costs, the smaller scale of these cells means they could be incorporated into compact optical systems for cheaper light-tracking and concentration. Researchers might even suspend them in inks that could be printed onto plastic to make efficient, flexible silicon-solar modules.

“In microsystems, you’re looking for things that become cheaper, perform better, and gain new functionalities,” says Gregory Nielson, head scientist on the project.

So far, the Sandia researchers have assembled and tested a single micro solar cell as proof of principle. But they have begun testing functioning solar modules made from multiple tiny cells and are developing techniques for assembling them efficiently.

Sandia’s cells are between 0.25 and one millimeter in diameter. The main benefit of manufacturing such small cells would be lower materials costs, since the tiny cells can be made about 10 times thinner than conventional ones. Ordinarily, solar cells must be 100 micrometers thick to support their surface area–typically about 15 centimeters square.

Sandia makes its cells from silicon that has been processed using conventional chemical methods. Researchers carve the cells out of this silicon using a chemical etching technique that creates negligible waste. They treat the surface of the wafer to create the electrical properties necessary for a functioning cell, then top it with metal contacts. Researchers then etch the top 10 to 20 micrometers of the wafer surface using chemicals that only eat into a particular part of the crystal structure.

The resulting cells are about 20 micrometers thick but have the same efficiency as conventional cells, converting about 14.9 percent of sunlight into electrical energy. It’s also easier to make the cells in a hexagonal shape, which makes the most of the available area without wasting much silicon. “The materials savings are a big deal,” says Nielson. Continua a leggere…

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